Mr. E-Older Computer Hardware running XP

CONSIDER LINUX

If your older system still runs, has WiFi, 1 GB memory and

a processor Pentium 4 1.7 GH or greater Linux could work for you

 

Repurpose an XP System     

(I had a desktop and laptop in need of a Secure OS)  

Moving to Win 7 takes 1 GB mem and $$  Move to Linux takes 1 GB mem and time

(my background www.linkedin.com/in/wefowler/- since 1992  Unix/linux SCO Unix, Solaris x86, Sparc, AIX, RHEL, CentOS, Ubuntu  Servers OS/2, NT, Windows 2012)

 Do the change over and the 8+ yr old hardware can give up to 5+ years of service.

 

GOAL:

  •  Need Desktop OS free Linux

  •  Need Wifi will yours work

  •  Need to work on Single CPU INTEL Pentium M 1.6 Gh

    (Acer Aspire 3610 lap [2006]) 1 GB   memory min / Or

    (Intel Pentium HT 2.4 Gh 1.5gb mem [2004]) 

    For low spec hardware 512 MB mem / slow processor Min Pent 4/M or Low video ram   try LUBUNTU .

     

  • Minimum Security updates / patches for  3 - 5 years

  • Try before commit as in Live CD or DVD boot


 These things need to be checked before deciding on OS

TAKE A LOOK:

J the linux Guy Ubuntu 14.04 You Tube Review 20 mins

Christopher Were Lubuntu 14.04 You Tube Review 28 mins

Linux is similar windows, Mac os. The desktop controls look different. The issues come from command line where most people have a harder time with the builds and installs.  People tend to like configuration by graphics GUI.  

 What do you need? Wireless connectivity, Office Suite, Email, Web Browsing, a firewall, antivirus scan / security updates. Play some movies and listen to CD or music. Most likely connect to a windows network.

 

Ubuntu will use a newer linux kernel (3.13.03) where as RHEL/CENTOS uses a Linux kernel (2.6.32-1 to 2 yrs old)

 


Ubuntu 14.04 (released 4/18/14) was chosen for the laptop to support the Belkin USB wifi N. CentOS6 was chosen for the Tower for RHEL simulation. What is the difference?

Usually support for hardware, desktop display, package software handling, and the version of linux kernel. The root for Ubuntu is Debian and the root for CentOS is RHEL, hence Ubuntu is based on Debian's package manage based on APT and DPKG. Red Hat, CentOS and Fedora are based on the old Red Hat Linux package management system, RPM. 

Lubuntu 14.04 (released 4/18/14)

Lubuntu is a lightweight Linux operating system based on Ubuntu but using the LXDE desktop environment in place of Ubuntu's Unity shell and GNOME desktop.


Linux being FREE does  take a bit more work. There are many apps to add to the base. Gives flexibility in what packages (software apps) are added. (Because of copyrights, usage law etc some code has to be loaded external of the OS base)

 What to add-  to do

- Add a firewall

- Add antivirus 

-History / junk removal

-power save / batt life

- Restricted extras (they are not restricted to end user just cannot be bundled with the BASE)

-Video player codecs  (codecs are digital video format drivers for encode/decode)

-Video player

-Chrome

-Spotify  music

-Hulu extensions

 

There are many distributions of linux, take a look at these two.

 UBUNTU  

Time: 15 mins to make live,  Used hard wire connect to lan to install grub and dual boot XP / Ubuntu (took 1 hour unattended) Add another 1 or so for the added extras above.

 Ubuntu notes Guides for how to  (my reference )

http://www.noobslab.com/2014/04/thingstweaks-to-do-after-install-of.html

http://itsfoss.com/install-cpufreq-ubuntu-1304/

http://www.enqlu.com/2014/03/things-to-do-after-installing-ubuntu.html

http://www.webupd8.org/2014/04/10-things-to-do-after-installing-ubuntu.html

http://manuals.makeuseof.com.s3.amazonaws.com/for-mobile/Ubuntu_Beginners_Guide_-_MakeUseOf.com.pdf

 Ubuntu Help  (Plenty)

https://help.ubuntu.com/14.04/index.html  Official Docs

https://help.ubuntu.com/community

http://ubuntuforums.org/

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ExternalGuides

 CentOS 6

Time: 15 mins to make live,  Used hard wire connect to lan  (took 1 hour unattended) Add another 1 or so for the added utilities.

 Help

http://wiki.centos.org/Documentation

https://www.centos.org/forums/

http://elrepo.org/

 Finding software:

Repos hold the software packages.

Software manufactures

Search  

Security

 is still needed especially if connect to windows files, like under Wine

The usual Firewall and Antivirus are the best defense and updates for OS.

AppArmor or SElunix

 Linux Security http://www.tecmint.com/linux-server-hardening-security-tips/

 COMMAND LINE:

No matter the flavor of  linux 90% of the commands are the same. Different for package.

Ls = list files in directory, mkdir = make directory/folder,  for every graphic, behind the curtain is a command line or multiple sets of code actually doing the work. Ie. a package may require other code to be loaded as it checks for dependencies. 

 

UNIX/LINUX COMMAND Ref  http://files.fosswire.com/2007/08/fwunixref.pdf

Ubuntu Command Reference

https://nsrc.org/workshops/2013/sanog21-nmm/raw attachment/wiki/References/ubunturef.pdf

Guide-  http://www.tecmint.com/60-commands-of-linux-a-guide-from-newbies-to-system-administrator/


Table of useful applications for a BASE + System

Still in process adding packages to CentOS 6 (YUM or Gui) , For a beginner go with Ubuntu easier to load packages via Software Center.

 

Ubuntu    (.deb)   Desktop

CentOS 6  (.rpm)  Server

Security

Built in AppArmor , SElunix

https://help.ubuntu.com/14.04/serverguide/apparmor.html

Built in SElunix

http://selinuxproject.org/page/Main_Page

 

firewall

Iptables /

http://gufw.org/

Iptables

Antivirus

AVclam

https://code.google.com/p/clamtk/

 

Battery Life / Power

Set CPU Speed etc

https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/indicator-cpufreq

 

System Stats

Shows all types of system stats

http://billw2.github.io/gkrellm/gkrellm.html

 

Cleanup / deletes junk

BleachBit

http://bleachbit.sourceforge.net/

 BB Installs

Video Player Codecs

Ubuntu restricted extras

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RestrictedFormats

 N/A load codecs via YUM Add via Software Gui

Video Player

VLC Media Player

http://www.videolan.org/

 

Chrome

https://apps.ubuntu.com/cat/applications/chromium-browser/

Chrome

Spotify

https://www.spotify.com/us/download/previews/

 

Hulu

Hulu-Player

 

Photo/Art

http://www.gimp.org/

 Gimp installs

Libre Office

https://www.libreoffice.org/

https://www.libreoffice.org/

Need more

http://linux-training.be/files/books/LinuxTraining.pdf

 

 

 

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